42. Show the effect of each transaction on the three basic accounting elements by indicating the dollar amount of the increase or decrease under the proper element heading. Compute the resulting accounting equation. a. Owner invested \$16,500 cash in the business. b. Paid premium for two-year insurance policy, \$1,500. This is usually done at the end of each accounting period through an adjusting entry. Example of Prepaid Insurance. To illustrate prepaid insurance, let's assume that on November 20 a company pays an insurance premium of \$2,400 for insurance protection during the six-month period of December 1 through May 31.

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### 1. Debit insurance expense for x months in the new policy period, credit accrued payables 2. Auto-reverse the entry on the first of the next month 3. Repeat 1-2 as necessary 4. When the invoice is entered, debit insurance expense for x months in the new policy period with the balance debited to prepaid insurance

Prepaid insurance is treated in the accounting records as an asset, which is gradually charged to expense over the period covered by the related insurance contract. Prepaid insurance is nearly always classified as a current asset on the balance sheet , since the term of the related insurance contract that has been prepaid is usually for a. The Accounting Equation. The accounting equation is the backbone of how accounting information is organized. Very simply, the equation is as follows: ASSETS = LIABILITIES + EQUITY. Assets refers to any property of value. It can be tangible (like cash, real estate, vehicles) or intangible (like the value of a patent). Prepare an Accounting Equation from the following: (i) Started business with cash ₹ 1,00,000. (ii) Purchased goods for cash ₹ 20,000 and on credit ₹ 30,000. (iii) Sold goods for cash costing ₹ 10,000 and on credit costing ₹ 15,000 both at a profit of 20%. Solution: Question 8. Develop an Accounting Equation from the following.

Let's assume that a company is started on December 1 and arranges for business insurance to begin on December 1. On December 1 the company pays the insurance company \$12,000 for the insurance premiums covering one year. The company will record the payment with a debit of \$12,000 to Prepaid Insurance and a credit of \$12,000 to Cash. Prepaid Insurance is the amount of insurance premium paid by the company in an accounting period that didn’t expire in the same accounting period and therefore, the unexpired portion of this insurance will be shown as an asset in the balance sheet of the company. Therefore, prepaid insurance must be adjusted: Note: One month corresponds to \$2,000 (\$24,000 x 1/12) in insurance policy. The adjusting journal entry is done each month, and at the end of the year, when the insurance policy has no future economic benefits, the prepaid insurance balance would be 0. Effect of Prepaid Expenses on Financial Statements

The company could also have applied another way of accounting for prepaid insurance. Assume the same scenario as before. However, this time the company recorded the entire amount of prepaid insurance of \$24,000 as insurance expense in the income statement at the time of the premium payment. State insurance departments typically impose taxes on income received by insurance companies. Tax laws, however, may make allowances for gross premium reduced by expenses or unearned premiums. For example, the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue imposes a tax on gross premiums written by Pennsylvania insurance companies, but the tax does not. The new accounting equation would be: Assets \$30,200 (Cash \$13,900 + Supplies \$500 + Prepaid Rent \$1,800 + Equipment \$5,500 + Truck \$8,500) = Liabilities \$200 + Equity \$30,000. 7. Selling services for cash. During the month of February, Metro Corporation earned a total of \$50,000 in revenue from clients who paid cash.

A glossary is included at the end of the study note for certain terms involved in premium accounting. Revenue recognition Income statements in the accounting world focus heavily on revenue as a function of company volume and as a measure of company growth. The principal source of revenue for insurance companies is premium from insurance sales. The accounting method is the most commonly used. This method is the one used to show earned premium on the majority of insurers' corporate income statements.The calculation used in this method. Net premium is the expected present value of a policy’s benefits less the expected present value of future premiums. The net premium calculation does not take into account future expenses.

The Accounting Equation is: Assets = Liabilities + Capital (Owner’s Equity) Or. Capital = Assets – Liabilities. It is to be noted here that the Accounting Equation shall remain balanced every time. As we know that each transaction has a Dual aspect. Thus, each debit has an equal credit. Solved Example on Accounting Equation Insurance expense, also known as Insurance premium, is the cost one pays to insurance companies to cover their risk from any kind of unexpected catastrophe and is calculated as a set percentage of sum insured and is paid at regular pre-specified time period. Insurance Expense Formula. 1 – For Life Insurance (Insurance premium related to next year transferred to prepaid insurance premium account) Example – Journal Entry for Prepaid Salary or Wages. Journalize the prepaid items in the books of Unreal Corp. using the below trial balance and additional information provided along with it. Prepaid Salaries – 25,000; Prepaid Wages – 10,000

This page contaings solutions to the accounting equation numerical questions. If you are looking for answers to the theoretical questions of the chapter 3, Recording of Transactions – I, or solutions to journalising numerical questions or solutions to posting numerical questions, you can find them at. Paid Insurance premium₹ 3,000 (3,000. The insurance company’s underwriting departments calculate the insurance premium. The process involves: Investigating into familial illnesses and diseases;. Written Premiums is the number of insurance premiums you need to pay for insurance coverage written during the accounting period. Accounting Entries Accounting entry or journal entry is a record of a business transaction that includes at least one debit and one credit and shows the monetary transactions in balance on a specified dateFinancial Accounting in Insurance Companies Simple Accounting Entry Insurer A receives \$2000 annual premium on a life insurance policy: Cash.

Basic Insurance Accounting – Selected Topics Page 2 of 24 • Bulk reserve – This reserve represents the estimated deficiency in the aggregate of case reserves for known claims. If forced to assign it to either case reserves or IBNR reserves, some will assign it to

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